Provincial Museum exhibit of some of British Columbia's native mammals.

Provincial Museum exhibit of some of British Columbia’s native mammals. Courtesy British Columbia Archives B-03776

Since the early days of settlement in Victoria, the museum has collected and preserved the province’s significant artifacts and specimens for future generations. The museum was founded in 1886 in response to a petition signed by 30 prominent citizens. It was housed in a single room adjoining the Provincial Secretary’s office in the Capital Buildings – nicknamed “the Bird Cages”. John Fannin, who was an avid outdoorsman and collector and gifted taxidermist, was appointed as its first curator.

Over the next 12 years, the Museum was relocated twice, first to the former Supreme Court building, and then in 1898, to the East Wing of the newly constructed Legislative Buildings. During those years, approximately 3,700 people registered their visit to the Museum each year (actual attendance was probably two to three times that number).

In 1913, the Provincial government proclaimed the Museum Act, giving the Museum formal operating authority and defining its objectives:

  • To secure and preserve specimens illustrating the natural history of the Province.
  • To collect anthropological material relating to the aboriginal races of the Province.
  • To obtain information respecting the natural sciences, relating particularly to the natural history of the Province, and diffuse knowledge regarding the same.

Over the next 30 years, the Museum grew by leaps and bounds. New space was made for ethnological artifacts when the basement of the East Wing was excavated in 1921, William Newcombe, son of CF Newcombe, and Dr. Ian McTaggart Cowan joined the Museum as Assistant Curators of Biology, research papers were published, and visitors from across Canada and throughout the United States – including President Theodore Roosevelt – took visitation to new heights.

In 1941, six vacant lots at the corner of Belleville and Douglas streets in Victoria were transformed into Thunderbird Park, where totem poles from the museum’s collection were displayed. Just over ten years later, deterioration of the poles had become a serious concern, and Anthropology Curator Wilson Duff began a pole restoration program. The totem poles currently on display at Thunderbird Park are replicas of the originals, which have been moved inside, where they can be properly preserved.

Entrance to the Royal British Columbia Museum.

Entrance to the Royal British Columbia Museum. Courtesy Wikipedia

The museum continued to grow and to attract more visitors. By 1961, estimated annual attendance reached 100,000. The province recognized that the time had come to expand the museum, and in 1963, Premier W.A.C. Bennett announced plans to build a new Museum and Archives as a Canadian centennial project. Three years later, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother dedicated the cornerstone for the current museum building, and in 1968, the museum made the move to the new building.

In 1977, The 12,000 Year Gap and First Peoples Galleries opened to the public, and in 1979, phase one of the permanent Natural History Galleries, Living Land, Living Sea, opened.

The Museum celebrated its Centennial in 1986, and since then has continued to grow – presenting exciting and popular temporary exhibits and completing the second phase of its Natural History Exhibits, Open Oceans.

On April 1, 2003, through the proclamation of a new Museum Act, the BC Archives, Helmcken House, the Netherlands Carillon, Thunderbird Park, St Ann’s Schoolhouse and the Royal BC Museum came together as the Royal BC Museum Corporation, creating a unique cultural precinct in the heart of British Columbia’s capital city. Although its buildings reside in Victoria, the Corporation reaches every region of the province through its website, exhibits and services, and is responsible to all citizens of the province.